Xerox Corporation is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document products and services in more than 160 countries. It is headquartered in Norwalk, Connecticut, though its largest population of employees is based around Rochester, New York, the area in which the company was founded.
Researchers at Xerox and its Palo Alto Research Center invented several important elements of personal computing, such as the desktop metaphor GUI, the computer mouse and desktop computing. These concepts were frowned upon by the then board of directors, who ordered the Xerox engineers to share them with Apple technicians.[citation.
The concepts were adopted by Apple and later Microsoft. With the help of these innovations, Apple and Microsoft came to dominate the personal computing revolution of the 1980s. It did release the 6085 desktop publishing system in 1986 but an inferior operating system, obsolete hard drive and weak software, doomed the model, as Apple and Microsoft's hardware and OS software offered much greater functionality. It also released a 4045 desktop laser printer whose cartridges could print 50,000 pages, but the model never caught on, and Xerox abandoned future efforts to focus more on its core businesses.